Horizontal Pump Units Using Flexible Pipe Connections
If flexible pipe connections or expansion joints are desirable in the suction or discharge piping of a pump (or in both), the pump manufacturer should be so advised for several reasons. First, the pump casing will be required to withstand various stresses caused by the resultant hydraulic thrust load. Although this is rarely a limiting or dangerous factor, it is best that the manufacturer have the opportunity to check the strength of the pump casing. Second, the resulting hydraulic thrust has to be transmitted from the pump casing through the casing feet to the bedplate or soleplate and then to the foundation. Usually, horizontal shaft pumps are merely bolted to their bases or soleplates, and so any tendency to displacement is resisted only by the frictional grip of the casing feet on the base and by relatively small dowels. If flexible pipe joints are used, this attachment may not be sufficient to withstand the hydraulic thrust. If high hydraulic thrust loads are to be encountered, therefore the pump feet must be keyed to the base or supports. Similarly, the bedplate or supporting soleplates must be of a design that will permit transmission of the load to the foundation. Each of these design elements must be checked to confirm their capability to withstand hyraulic thrust loads from flexible pipe connections. Preferably expansion joints will be restrained to avoid transmitting loads to the pump nozzles.