Low Pressure Fuel Pump Delivery

By 16 March 2017

The low-pressure stage of a distributor pump fuel-injection installation comprises the fuel tank, fuel lines, fuel filter, vane-type fuel-supply pump, pressure control valve, and overflow restriction. The vane-type fuel-supply pump draws fuel from the fuel tank. It delivers a virtually constant flow of fuel per revolution to the interior of the injection pump. A pressure-control valve is fitted to ensure that a defined injection-pump interior pressure is maintained as a function of supply-pump speed. Using this valve, it is possible to set a defined pressure for a given speed. The pump’s interior pressure then increases in proportion to the speed (in other words, the higher the pump speed the higher the pump interior pressure). Some of the fuel flows through the pressure regulating valve and returns to the suction side. Some fuel also flows through the overflow restriction and back to the fuel tank in order to provide cooling and self-venting for the injection pump. An overflow valve can be fitted instead of the overflow restriction.

Interaction of the fuel-supply pump, pressure-control valve, and overflow restriction
1 Drive shaft, 2 Pressure-control valve, 3 Eccentric ring, 4 Support ring, 5 Governor drive,
6 Drive-shaft dogs, 7 Overflow restriction, 8 Pump housing.